Our national identity is an important part of who we are. Most of us, of course combine multiple identities during the course of our everyday lives-our sense of self being shaped so many different elements: from faith; gender and politics to work, sexuality and the deepest elements of our personal lives and history. But our national identity remains part of us, and it, too, is multi-layered. The Scotland I visit and love feels like part of my country. The United Kingdom that Scotland will now remain part of- that is my country. I feel a strong sense of Englishness too, partly rooted from growing up in an Essex village. I feel an awareness of my Irish heritage. I am a Londoner to my toes, and my home is the slice of London that is north Westminster. I have a strong sense of our shared global humanity. None of these things are unusual- we are all rarely one thing or the other. Government must enable us to live with this complexity, this fluidity.
Like many people, I welcomed the decision of the Scottish people to remain part of the UK. Yet while the implications of the Scottish ‘No' vote and what happens after are still being digested, politics is moving on. The Scottish vote is turning out to be not an end but another stage in a process of change. The same must now be made true for the other parts of the UK and that does, of course, include England.
One immediate response to the Scottish settlement has been a call for an English equivalent, and indeed we should look carefully at any proposals that are brought forward to give English MPs more powers to scrutinise legislation that particularly affects English constituencies. However, some of the ideas now being discussed throw up serious problems that have not yet been worked through. I get no sense of a public appetite for a new ‘English' Parliament, for example, with more politicians and all the associated costs that would entail. Nor is it so simple to just give ‘English laws to English MPs'. Neither legislation nor taxation powers lend themselves easily to such neatness. How would our second chamber- the House of Lords- fit in? It is not currently organised on national or regional lines, but is part of Parliament, with the power to amend the law. Potentially, members of an unelected second chamber could vote on issues that an elected member of the House of Commons could not. Would Scottish MPs in future be barred from being government Ministers? If not, a situation could arise where a Minister was unable to vote on a law he or she was responsible for introducing. How would a government work if, once elected with a national mandate, able to carry a majority for some of its programme, including economic and foreign policy, it could be blocked by a sub-section of Parliament on other issues? As constitutional expert Vernon Bogdanor explains:
"A bifurcated government is a logical absurdity....A government must be collectively responsible to parliament for all the policies that come before it, not just a selection of them. Bifurcated government would become deadlocked government...."
There may be answers to these and other questions but answers there have to be. Answers, too, that don't seek to divide the UK in the aftermath of a popular decision to keep us ‘better together'. One way forward lies in far greater devolution of powers to well below the national level. I can see a strong argument for greater freedoms being passed down to cities and city-regions, including London. Indeed, Labour has already proposed taking £30 billion of spending decisions away from central government and to cities and city regions in England, so decisions can be taken in line with local needs.
Whatever the specifics, change is essential, it is coming, and public opinion must be heard. One lesson from the Scottish referendum is that solutions imposed directly from the national government at Westminster will no longer be tolerated by the people. Personally, I regret the decision not to change our electoral system from ‘First past the Post', which I think is ill suited to the modern age, but although we can't revisit that, there are other ways we can adapt our politics to the times. The debate about how we are governed can't be restricted to the organisation of votes in Parliament.
That is why it is right to establish a Constitutional Convention, so we consider how best to resolve these issues and to look at how we can improve the political system without dividing or driving our country apart. Over the next year, there must be a vigorous consultation at local and national levels, in which citizens and communities are properly engaged. As Bogdanor says, this will be ‘political...but should not be party political'- the way we are governed can't be constructed to suit any particular party or agenda. Whatever we do next will shape our country for many decades to come and we must get it right.
Our national identity is an important part of who we are. Most of us, of course combine multiple identities during the course of our everyday lives-our sense of self being...
Thank you for getting in touch with me about the Government's proposed legislation on the recall of MPs.
I support the principle of recall. We need a system that improves accountability and gives more power to the public to hold their representatives to account between elections where there has been serious wrongdoing and misconduct. I am not in favour of a system of recall that simply enhances the House of Commons' internal disciplinary procedures. There needs to be far greater transparency and what we emerge with at the end of this process must have and hold public confidence.
However, I would make two key points:
1. The Government bill as it stands needs strengthening.
In respect of recall following on from misconduct or abuse of office, the length of suspension from Parliament which the Bill proposes in order to trigger a recall petition is currently too high, and it fails to catch some of the cases that we have witnessed in Parliament over recent years. We also need to improve the process that would lead to recall, such as by rebalancing Parliament's Standards and Privileges Committee so that it does not reflect a Government majority, whoever is in power, and by increasing the lay membership of the Committee.
2. In my view, the recall process should relate to the misconduct of Members of Parliament, and not their political views or priorities.
My worry in respect of Zac Goldsmith's amendments is that they could easily have the opposite effect to those intended. By having a recall process, starting with a ‘Statement of Intent' that requires just 5% of a constituency and that can be triggered on any issue - an advantage will be handed to well-funded interest groups, or politicians, who have the resources to mobilise and gather signatures. It is hard to see how this would help representatives to take difficult decisions in the long-term or in the national interest (and MPs are representatives, not delegates, sent to Parliament with a specific mandate on one or more issues). It could limit the ability of some MPs to vote for social legislation opposed by a well organised minority. It could mean an MP securing, say, 15,000 votes at a General Election, facing the start of a recall process, perhaps even within a few months of an election, because 3500 people support a ‘Statement of Intent' in opposition to a contentious law: Same Sex marriage, for example.
I suspect it would have made it hard to an MP like Chris Mullin to champion the then highly controversial case of the Birmingham 6, subsequently released after their convictions for the Birmingham pub bombings were overturned. During his campaign, a national tabloid ran a front page calling him ‘The most odious man in Britain', and it isn't hard to see how, in the heat of such a campaign, a recall ballot could be got going. It strikes me as taking us a step closer to the US model of politics, which is not one I admire. Even if spending limits applied on any single trigger or petition, there remains a huge potential imbalance- having spending limits doesn't necessarily mean any MP or local party has the money to actually spend on the face of determined, possibly even successive, political challenges.
So it is right that a stronger mechanism should exist so MPs who abuse their position can face the consequences between General Elections. The right to recall could play an important role in giving people more confidence in the Parliamentary system under such circumstances, and I am very happy to back it, but we have to get the balance right and ensure that the outcome genuinely strengthens democracy.
I hope this is helpful and thank you again for writing.
Karen Buck MP
Thank you for getting in touch with me about the Government's proposed legislation on the recall of MPs. I support the principle of recall. We need a system that improves...
I am pleased to confirm that I voted for the principle of recognition of Palestinian statehood.
The Labour Party had already supported the principle of recognising statehood for the Palestinians, saying that "statehood is not a gift to be given, but a right to be recognised". In 2011 we called on the UK government to support the Palestinian bid for recognition at the United Nations, and we further supported the Palestinian bid for ‘enhanced observer status' at the UN General Assembly. In 2011, we also welcomed the progress made by the Palestinian Authority on their work in building the institutions of statehood. But the Palestinian people have continued to be denied the fundamental rights and freedoms associated with that status.
Achieving a lasting solution in the Middle East will, of course, have to be based on negotiations between Palestine and Israel - negotiations which address vital issues of security, economic viability and much more. However, support for recognition is, in my view, a contribution to the prospects of securing the two state solution - "not a means of by-passing talks but a bridge for restarting them". It has never been the case that recognition can only follow the conclusion of negotiations - a fact accepted in the 2002 Roadmap discussions.
I support two states living side by side in peace and security - an end to the rocket attacks on Israel, the blockade of Gaza and the illegal settlement building in the West Bank. But as things currently, and depressingly stand, there is no meaningful peace process. The latest war in Gaza, together with the annexation of another 1000 acres of the West Bank for more settlement building have added to the sense of paralysis. That in turn feeds despair and disillusionment with the political option and risks trapping both Israel and Palestine into a continuing cycle of violence and insecurity. We, and the wider international community, must strengthen the position of those Palestinians pursuing a diplomatic process, and that means progress towards statehood.
The motion we voted for does not mandate the UK government to immediately unilaterally recognise the state of Palestine, but it does affirm Labour's support for the principle of Palestinian statehood, and as such I was very pleased to vote for it.
Karen Buck MP
I am pleased to confirm that I voted for the principle of recognition of Palestinian statehood. The Labour Party had already supported the principle of recognising statehood for the Palestinians,...
A total of 818 basement excavations have been applied for in Westminster since 2008 - with the overwhelming majority being granted. Updated figures confirm that, while we wait for the introduction of a new policy to strengthen planning controls, the proportion of applications being refused continued to fall.
Year (Apr-Mar) Approved Refused Total
2007-2008 65 21 (32%) 86
2008-2009 62 17 (27%) 79
2009-2010 67 25 (37%) 92
2010-2011 70 28 (40%) 98
2011-2012 161 22 (14%) 183
2012-2013 121 19 (14%) 140
2013-2014 123 17 (12%) 140
Westminster Council confirmed to me last month:
"The basements SPD/guidance is currently with the Cabinet Member for Built Environment to agree for formal adoption. We have an officer attending RBK&C's basements Examination in Public, which is currently underway. A few issues have come out of this which we are considering and these may have a bearing on our emerging approach to basements".
On the issue of approvals/refusals, the Council tell me:
"As before, the refused permissions are not necessarily refused on the basis of a basement excavation but could be for other factors such as height, massing, design etc. Similarly, those approved will include schemes that are not solely basements but include other works to a residential property".
No-one is, of course, objecting to the idea of any and all basement excavations. Concerns relate to the number of developments, cumulative impact within a neighbourhood, individual schemes according to size and associated nuisance. And in some cases, the difficulties in dealing with owners/developers to enforce Party Wall agreements, building control and so forth.
A total of 818 basement excavations have been applied for in Westminster since 2008 - with the overwhelming majority being granted. Updated figures confirm that, while we wait for the... Read more
I continue to pick up many concerns about criminal and anti-social behaviour, despite the long-term (and very welcome) fall in overall crime over many years. So it is surprising to note the very significant fall in police numbers in the last four years.
In the summer of 2011, there were 1902 police officers and PCSOs in Westminster. This figure has dropped to 1269 by April 2014. This represents a reduction of 633- or almost one third! The number of police staff has also fallen by 60 over the last two years, which can mean uniformed police having to cover work previously done by support staff.
We have been promised an uplift this year, which if fulfilled in total, would return us to 1364 officers - or around what we had in 2012 and still 268 down on the 2010 figure. But so far, additional recruits have gone into a new West End team to deal with crime and nuisance in the West End economy - all fine, but not very much help to the neighbourhoods in Bayswater or other residential communities. Two of our police stations closed in the summer of 2013, and were promised extra front line staff as a result of a shift from buildings to boots on the ground. Despite the best efforts of many dedicated officers, we are still waiting for the improved service levels which were meant to be part of the package.
I continue to pick up many concerns about criminal and anti-social behaviour, despite the long-term (and very welcome) fall in overall crime over many years. So it is surprising to...
Even though it did not go far enough, I was happy to be in Parliament on Friday to back the ‘Affordable Housing Bill' which makes improvements to the hated ‘Bedroom Tax'. Better something than nothing, although I want to see this ineffective and unpleasant policy dumped once and for all.
The ‘Bedroom Tax' cuts housing support from low income households deemed to have a spare bedroom. For someone like Jean, a 60 year old constituent with severe mental health problems, she has to either leave her home of 30 years, close to relatives and support, or lose almost £30 a week from the £100 disability benefit from which she has to cover all her living costs. Andrew, who lived with his brother for decades until the brother's death, is crippled by agoraphobia and can no longer leave his 2 bed flat. His anxiety about being force to move is so severe he has contemplated ending his life. Unable to pay for all his heating, water, food and other costs, his arrears are now mounting and with it, his stress. Maria saw her housing support cut because her children, aged 8 and 9, were considered not to need separate bedrooms after their older brother went to university. Yet a few months later, and several hundred pounds poorer, the family became entitled to the extra room again as the 9 year old reached 10.
The bedroom tax undermines the right of those on lower incomes to security and stability in a modest but decent home. It ignores how long someone may have they have lived in their home and how strong their network of family and community. Helping to look after the grand-kids? Irrelevant. Being cared for by a neighbour or grown-up son or daughter? Doesn't matter.
Supporters do make an argument in defence of the bedroom tax. They say that over-crowding is a serious and growing challenge and we should make best use of the scarce resource of our housing stock.
Yet this analysis offers the wrong solution to this genuine problem- a fact of which the government were only too well aware when the policy was designed in 2011. Their own impact assessment admitted that " the highest rates are over-crowding are association with the parts of the country with the lowest rates of under-occupation. They admitted even in 2011 that there too few 1 bedroom homes to move people to- and that it is London where the biggest mismatch occurs. It is no good penalising people for not moving if you don't have anywhere to move them to! All that has happened since was both predictable and predicted: increasing debt, bigger arrears to landlords, a great deal of misery.
Even in somewhere like Westminster, where it should in theory be easy to swap people around, only 6 tenants have been able to move each month since the bedroom tax came in in April 2013, out of the 400 households affected. It will take years for everyone to be made an offer. 2 out of 3 are disabled. Many are in their 60s, but are affected until they reach pension age, when they become exempt. What are people supposed to do in the meantime?
If bedroom tax supporters were really so keen to relieve over-crowding, they wouldn't be so willing to allow developers off the hook when it comes to building affordable homes. They wouldn't stand by while Housing Associations sell off much needed properties at auction. They wouldn't be silent when ex-council flats are marketed as exciting Buy-to Let opportunities, with rents many times the previous level. They would support, as I do, incentives and practical assistance to encourage tenants of all ages to move to more appropriate homes.
Let's hope the defeat we inflicted on the government last week brings everyone to their senses, and if it doesn't' , a future Labour government will act. Housing need is a real and serious issue that deserve better than ill-thought out, unworkable and nasty policies like the bedroom tax.
Even though it did not go far enough, I was happy to be in Parliament on Friday to back the ‘Affordable Housing Bill' which makes improvements to the hated ‘Bedroom...
Responding the to the humanitarian crisis continuing to unfold in Iraq which has displaced more than one million Iraqis from their homes- Labour's Shadow Foreign Secretary, Douglas Alexander, has said:
" Labour supports the decision to make UK military assets available as part of the wider international humanitarian efforts, and the UK must continue to play its part, alongside other EU and international partners, in contributing to the efforts already underway to bring safety and help to those civilians fleeing from ISIL's murderous advance.
Clearly the forces of the Kurdistan Regional Government have played an important role in recent days in both holding back ISIL's advance, and in supporting that wider humanitarian effort.
ISIL has already captured a great deal of heavy weaponry from the Iraqi Security Forces. In the wake of recent advances by ISIL forces Iraqi Kurdistan now shares a 600-mile border with these terrorists, and the Kurdish Peshmerga forces are well positioned to try and protect the Kurdish population.
Since this crisis began, the UK has already assisted these Kurdish forces with technical and logistical military support. So as the Foreign Secretary meets with his EU counterparts in Brussels today, Labour believes the UK Government should work with European and other allies to ensure the Kurds have the military equipment they require in the days ahead.
This equipment is needed not simply to allow the Peshmerga to protect the Kurdish community in Iraq, but also needs to be part of a wider strategy for tackling ISIL.
That is why the EU should consider further steps to support Jordan which shares a border with the ISIL-held areas in its south, and to work with Turkey's newly elected President Erdogan to provide support to the hundreds of thousands of displaced people now seeking refuge inside Iraqi Kurdistan.
"But ultimately, these broad steps to enhance security in Iraq will also have to be matched with determined will on the part of Iraq's leaders to bring all the peoples of their country together, not drive them further apart. The acceptance of Haider al-Abadi as Iraq's prime minister-designate potentially offers a new direction. His challenge is now to promote an inclusive, sovereign and democratic Iraq that can push back on ISIL advances and restore stability and security across the country"
Responding the to the humanitarian crisis continuing to unfold in Iraq which has displaced more than one million Iraqis from their homes- Labour's Shadow Foreign Secretary, Douglas Alexander, has said:...
Like you, I am horrified by the violence engulfing Gaza. As of today, more than 1700 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza, most of them civilians, including hundreds of women and children. Hamas rockets have also killed civilians with over 40 Israeli soldiers also dead. With half the population of Gaza aged under 18, children inevitably bear the brunt of this conflict. (I made this point when speaking in the Gaza statement in Parliament, the full text of which you read in the link).
The clashes occurring inside the West Bank demonstrate that violence is not restricted to Gaza either, and it is obvious that there will be a huge impact more widely within the Occupied Territories.
I have visited Gaza, the West Bank and Israel on several occasions, most recently last summer, and I am deeply aware of how small the space is within which this war is being fought. I have described Gaza as being an ‘open prison', within which more than 1.7 million people are living in conditions that were virtually intolerable, even before the war. There was never any doubt that bombing and a ground invasion would rapidly lead to many civilian casualties. That is why Labour's Foreign Affairs spokesman warned in advance that "a full-scale ground invasion would be a disaster for the peoples of both Gaza and Israel, and a strategic error for Israel" and Labour have opposed the escalation that has followed the deployment of Israeli troops. The Shadow Foreign Secretary has also stated that "as in the past, this incursion will end with an agreement" and that "the question is how many more children and civilians need to die before such an agreement is reached?"
Ed Miliband has made clear "As a party we oppose the further escalation of violence we have seen with Israel's invasion of Gaza. I defend Israel's right to defend itself against rocket attacks. But I cannot explain, justify or defend the horrifying deaths of hundreds of Palestinians, including children and innocent civilians."
I fully understand that southern Israelis have lived in fear of indiscriminate rocket fire from inside Gaza - I have visited and seen this for myself - and rocket fire has extended into other parts of Israel in the recent weeks. I condemn such attacks without reservation - they instil terror into the civilian population, cause considerable damage and have claimed innocent lives. Israel has a right to self-defence and to protect her own citizens.
But Palestinians generally, and Gazans in particular, have suffered massively disproportionate casualties as a result of bombing and military action, both in recent weeks and during previous clashes, such as Operation Cast Lead in 2008, which resulted in 1400 Palestinian deaths. Palestinians, especially those trapped inside Gaza, feel themselves to be being collectively punished for the undoubted crimes of extreme militants both inside and beyond the fringes of Hamas. They are at exceptionally high risk from military action in Gaza, due to the high urban density and lack of shelters. Even in periods of relative peace the conditions they have endured in recent years as a result of the blockade have been unacceptable - a shattered economy, dependence on food aid, the near total loss of freedom of movement, polluted water and danger of death for those getting too close to the Israeli security wall. These are all issues I have raised in Parliament and I will continue to do so.
The failure of the latest attempt to restore the peace process generated understandable despair across the Middle East, and the continuation of the settlement-building programme in the West Bank undermines confidence in the possibility of progress to a two-state solution. We desperately need a ceasefire, to relieve the immediate suffering. But there has to be progress towards a lasting peace settlement, based on the creation of a viable Palestinian state. Without a settlement, conflicts such as the one we are now witnessing are likely to re-occur.
Douglas Alexander, Labour's Shadow Foreign Secretary, has rightly said:
" Israel's military action will increase the future threats to its security rather than countering them. Israelis rightly want security, yet their government's present actions instead risk simply growing a new generation bent on revenge.".
I will, of course, make sure that the present Government/Foreign Secretary knows of the strong feelings held by you and the many others who have written to me on this issue ( from different perspectives) and I will continue to press the case wherever I can.
Karen Buck MP
Like you, I am horrified by the violence engulfing Gaza. As of today, more than 1700 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza, most of them civilians, including hundreds of women...
As I write, it will have been more than a whole year since the target time for Accident and Emergency was met across the country. Record numbers of people are visiting A+E units, emergency waiting times are higher and ambulance response times longer. It is clear the £3 billion re-organisation of the NHS has not changed the NHS for the better, but wasted scarce resources, accelerated privatisation and left London in particular lacking the strategic management we desperately need.
It seems a strange time for a programme of Accident and Emergency closures to be taking place across London- in the midst of an A+E crisis. Yet that is exactly what is happening. Hammersmith and Central Middlesex A+Es will close in September, and now the plans for the down-grading of Charing X A+E have been confirmed. Demand will now shift to St Mary's, which has been making plans to deal with the additional patients from elsewhere in West London.
Over the longer term, as Charing X emergency services are also down-graded, St Mary's will re-build, aided by the sell-off of almost half the land the hospital currently occupies (as well as more than half the land now used by Charing X hospital, and the Western Eye and Samaritan hospitals).
There had been concerns about what this will all mean to Westminster residents, as trade-offs will have to be made to allow for the fact that St Mary's become a ‘major hospital' for the whole of West London. There have already been some service reductions in routine areas at St Mary's relating to particular specialties so Westminster patients are being treated at other sites, like Charing X- and there will be more in future- particularly in respect of day case specialist medicine and day case surgery. What is essential is that support services, including transport, are available for people who find it difficult to travel further afield- this is something I have been pushing on for the last year!
Similarly, the expectation is that a smaller number of Accident and Emergency units should also be reducing the number of patients admitted through A+E- which itself depends upon a significant raising of capacity in GP and other community services. This, though, comes at a time when there are real concerns about the strain upon the GP service. Exactly when council, primary and community services should be expanding to take the pressure off hospitals, keeping people out where possible, and enabling patients to return to their homes swiftly after treatment, they are the areas where the squeeze is on.
It is now crunch time for the NHS locally, and my fears are not that the direction of travel is wrong, but that change is taking place in the wrong order- with hospital closures happening before the alternatives are in place. Services are too fragmented and everyone's eye has been off the ball due to the massive, costly re-structuring imposed in the last three years. We need to scrap this NHS Act and get focused on what really matters, for the sake of all of us who rely on the NHS.
As I write, it will have been more than a whole year since the target time for Accident and Emergency was met across the country. Record numbers of people are...